Arjun sengupta committee report on poverty pdf

 

    Arjun Sengupta National Commission for Enterprises in the Unorganised Sector Poverty, Vulnerability and Informal Work Status: the High Congruence. 5 . The report is based on government data for the period between and The other poverty estimates looked at the absolute poor only but we Commission for Enterprises in Unorganised Sector, Arjun Sengupta said. The Commission's Chairman Arjun the Unorganised Sector (NCEUS), chaired by Arjun Sengupta. The. Commission?s recent report, entitled?Report poverty line, earning Rs 12 per day; the marginally poor, earning Rs 15; the vulnerable.

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    Arjun Sengupta Committee Report On Poverty Pdf

    This paper provides a rationale for defining extreme poverty as a combination of income poverty, human development poverty and social exclusion. It briefly. the Planning Commission, the World Bank, Arjun Sengupta (NCEUS report) and Suresh Key Words: Income-expenditure survey, Income inequality, Poverty. Arjun Sengupta ([email protected]) is a Member of Parliament ted to the Human Rights Commission in , , and. as well as on my mission report on extreme poverty condi- cr0 pdf.

    The worker and one of his sons not yet an adult are the primary earning members of the family, which is constituted of two adults and three children. Besides, the wife of the worker also contributes through regular piece-rate work which she does from home, besides managing the housework. As is evident, the family does not buy any milk, nor any green vegetables, and have clubbed medicine, fruits and sweets together, indicating that these expenses are a luxury only availed of by the sick. The family buys two pairs of clothing per person, including uniforms for the children. They do not have access to electricity and do not have a toilet either. And this is afforded only by the three individuals working, including the son, who missed out on education to ensure subsistence for the family. The self-employed worker works for at least 12 hours every day. The family has no savings and hence, should there be any major contingency medical or otherwise , it would mean they would have to rely on moneylenders, with whom the going rate of interest is 10 per cent per month. For every Rs borrowed Rs 10 is deducted beforehand as the interest for the first month.

    According to veteran journalist Rajesh Mahapatra, Mukherjee had become the rallying point for those in the Congress party that were critical of the market reform policies of then Finance Minister, Manmohan Singh.

    With this act, Mahapatra said, "Sengupta ended up on the wrong side of history. The finance ministry prevailed over Prime Minister Narasimha Rao to stop the mid-term appraisal from being printed in its original form. Montek Singh Ahluwalia in According to Guha Thakurta, Sengupta's critical stance towards "the neo-liberal school of economic thought subscribed to by Manmohan Singh" and refusal to "cultivate political godfathers" meant that he would be "one Finance Minister India never had.

    Arjun Sengupta indicated that his most significant contribution was the final report he produced as the head of the National Commission for Enterprises in the Unorganized Sector NCEUS , a cabinet-rank position that he held from — The report also revealed that the vast majority of India's 'Poor and Vulnerable' are Muslim or lower caste, and thus in addition to poverty, also suffer from social discrimination. According to the report: "These groups emerge as a sort of a coalition of socially discriminated, educationally deprived and economically destitute" while "less than one fourth" of India's population is enjoying the fruits of high economic growth.

    It suggested designing special schemes for the vulnerable sections of Indian society through better targeting and social engineering. The commission's recommendations on social security resulted in the enactment of the Unorganized Workers Social Security Act, Recalling Dr.

    Sengupta's contribution to identifying the cross-linkages between extreme poverty and the downtrodden, C. Rangarajan , Chairman of the Prime Minister's Economic Advisory Council, said: "He had a good understanding of social problems and was deeply involved in finding solutions for people at the bottom of the population pile.

    He produced six reports on the Right to development between and These reports elaborated on the 'Declaration of the Right to Development' adopted by the UN in the US cast the lone dissenting vote. Last month, one more report and estimate were added to the list.

    That was the report by the expert group to review the methods and means of estimating poverty. The group, headed by Suresh Tendulkar, submitted its report to the Planning Commission, and details of it were first reported by Mint. It has revised the estimate of poverty in India for to It has, however, left the all-India urban poverty estimate unchanged at After all, what changes when we measure poverty differently is not the actual number of poor, but different ways of defining and measuring poverty.

    Human rights and extreme poverty :

    As far as the distribution of consumption expenditure is concerned, there is one and only one choice available and that is the consumption expenditure survey of the National Sample Survey Organisation NSSO. However, the real problem is identifying a suitable poverty line.

    The poverty line is not any arbitrary line, but is the monetary value of some normative expenditure that is essential for satisfying the basic needs. It is here that the approaches differ.

    A minor but crucial component of this is that whatever poverty line is chosen, it should be uniform across rural and urban areas and also across states, the only adjustment being that of the cost of living to account for differences in prices.

    Except for the Tendulkar committee report, all other estimates ignore these essential elements of poverty estimation.

    Arjun Kumar Sengupta

    For example, the Sengupta committee has estimated poverty on a poverty line of Rs20 per capita per day. Unfortunately, no basis has been specified for choosing this number. Incidentally, this number is not very different from the Rs Not making this adjustment would mean that a person spending the same amount of money in real terms would be treated as poor in rural areas, but not in urban areas.

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